Defensive techniques 3

The goal of this module is

  • to reinforce basic blocking and
  • to learn how to avoid punches and to create a target.

Ideal Group size:

Up to 30


25 minutes


Boxing equipment

Materials for download:

External resources:

How it’s done

As important as learning the jab is learning how to avoid and defend against it. In addition to basic blocking teach participants at least some of the various avoidance and defending techniques such as:

Slip and/or Turn (click to expand)

  1. Slipping (or turning) rotates the body slightly so that an incoming punch passes harmlessly next to the head.
  2. As the opponent’s punch arrives, the boxer sharply rotates the hips and shoulders.
  3. This turns the chin sideways and allows the punch to „slip“ past.

Bob and Weave (click to expand)


  1. Bobbing moves the head laterally and beneath an incoming punch.
  2. As the opponent’s punch arrives, the boxer bends the legs quickly and simultaneously shifts the body either slightly right or left.
  3. Once the punch has been evaded, the boxer „weaves“ back to an upright position, emerging on either the outside or inside of the opponent’s still-extended arm.
  4. To move outside the opponent’s extended arm is called „bobbing to the outside“.
  5. To move inside the opponent’s extended arm is called „bobbing to the inside“.

Parry/Block (click to expand)

  1. Parrying or blocking uses the boxer’s hands as defensive tools to deflect incoming attacks.
  2. As the opponent’s punch arrives, the boxer delivers a sharp, lateral, open-handed blow to the opponent’s wrist or forearm, redirecting the punch.

The Cover-Up (click to expand)

  1. Covering up is the last opportunity to avoid an incoming strike to an unprotected face or body.
  2. Generally speaking, the hands are held high to protect the head and chin and the forearms are tucked against the torso to impede body shots.
  3. When protecting the body, the boxer rotates the hips and lets incoming punches „roll“ off the guard.
  4. To protect the head, the boxer presses both fists against the front of the face with the forearms parallel and facing outwards.
  5. This type of guard is weak against attacks from below.

The Clinch (click to expand)

  1. Clinching is a rough form of grappling and occurs when the distance between both fighters has closed and straight punches cannot be employed.
  2. In this situation, the boxer attempts to hold or „tie up“ the opponent’s hands so he is unable to throw hooks or uppercuts.
  3. To perform a clinch, the boxer loops both hands around the outside of the opponent’s shoulders, scooping back under the forearms to grasp the opponent’s arms tightly against his own body.
  4. In this position, the opponent’s arms are pinned and cannot be used to attack.
  5. Clinching is a temporary match state and is quickly dissipated by the referee.

Rocking (click to expand)

  1. Bend forward to the left and right.
  2. You lean into the direction of the punch to be in position for a quick counter.

Ducking (click to expand)

  1. Bend your knees to duck under a punch.
  2. Make sure that you keep your upperbody straight and your head up.
  3. Don´t take the eyes from your partner.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email